Proof of God: Biology

Biology Proves God

Biological proof of God: Introduction

 

Nothing proves the existence of God better then life itself. You can’t put God in a petri dish but when you look in the petri dish you will find God. In the laboratory of the universe we have seen trillions and trillions of experiments in life. We have only ever seen life give rise to life. Life is so complex that it dwarfs the complexity of any machine we have ever created. From the lowliest bacteria to the most sophisticated woman that has ever graced the planet. From pond scum to dolphins the impossibility of life without design is on display for any that choose to look. And the amazing thing is that it can be seen from macro to the microscopic and beyond. One thing we find is the role of information and its importance. We see useful information with a purpose. This is something we only find from design and intelligence. And this is something we find all throughout life and biology. Before we get into some other creatures lets just talk about you for a second. Lets start with the information that is in your body that is full of purpose and intent so that you can live.

 

DNA:

You have about 100 trillion cells in your body and all of them contain DNA except red blood cells. If you laid the DNA from one cell end to end it would stretch about six feet, but would only be about 50 trillionths of an inch wide. Laying out all your DNA, it would reach to the sun and back about 600 times. (6’ x 100 trillion divided by a round trip of 184 million miles). Put another way, it would span the diameter of the Solar System. All of that information must be present for you to survive. Every time a cell divides the DNA goes through self-replication using cellular protein processes that act like machinery. It makes a complete duplicate of itself, accurately copying the 3 billion base pair genome. Astoundingly impressive! Astronomically impossible to happen accidentally. Your body produces about one billion new cells every hour.

Here is a good video showing what that looks like:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PKjF7OumYo&feature=youtu.be

 

The information in DNA was created by intelligence so that intelligence could exist in all the forms we see in life. We see that intelligence begets intelligence from the Worm to the Whale.

 

 

Lets start with the lowly Ant.

The poor guy that gets stepped on and dismissed on regular basis and yet:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/2013/11/46-ants.html

Let’s talk about ants for a while…tiny creatures with a brain no bigger than a pinhead. There are over 12,500 cataloged species of ants, with estimates of perhaps 22,000 in existence.[1] Evolutionists have their creation story for how all these different ants came into being. The story always starts with knowing the conclusion and figuring out the path of how blind and accidental processes might have arrived at that end. It’s pure fiction. When you analyze each supposed step with logical questions, you’ll have to believe in miracles to accept that it could really have happened.

 

There isn’t any real proof that can be observed, so in the end you have to decide what story you are going to believe in. Did all of these astounding capabilities of ants just come about accidentally? Or is there a God behind it? Either way, you are still, just a believer. There is only faith.

 

Here is a quote that shows what I mean. In the considered opinion of biologist Jochen Zeil of the Australian National University:

 

“I think that every animal we look at [including the ant] is a more competent, more robust, more flexible, more miniaturized and a more energy-, material-, sensor-, and computation-efficient agent than anything we have ever built.” [2]

 

I would agree with him, but his conclusion is different than mine. He thinks that it all happened by accident and he chooses to believe in evolution. His faith is that there was no invisible God behind it.

 

Ants are everywhere in the world. Have you ever taken the time to watch them? Probably you studied them in school somewhere and you were very impressed at what they can do. A functioning colony of ants may contain millions and millions of ants and some colonies may be as big as a house. Scientists have poured cement into ant colonies and then dug them out to see what they look like (see pictures below).

 

 

 

 

How big in size is an ant brain do you think? But amazing things are going on inside there. Researchers have concluded they are doing math as complicated as the programmers who built the Internet so that billions of tiny packets of information run smoothly along channels and through nodes and switches to get to their final destinations. Here is a quote about ant math and food supplies:

 

“The algorithm relates at least three critical variables: the rate of outgoing foragers, the amount that the rate increases with each returning ant, and the amount that the rate decreases with each outgoing ant. Researchers discovered that this ant algorithm closely matches the one that programmers wrote to regulate Internet traffic. The algorithm uses two formulae:

[3]

 

Here is another type of math. Researchers Chris Reid and Associate Professor Madeleine Beekman experimented with ants and changeable mazes.[4] They discovered that ants can adapt well enough to create an optimal solution to a maze, something few computer programs can do.

 

This was called the “towers of Hanoi” puzzle. [5] “The game involves transferring disks of tapering size from one of three stacks to another without placing a larger disk on top of a smaller one. For the ants, though, researchers transposed the different stacking options onto a maze of hexagons, where the shortest route to food corresponded to the best solution to the puzzle. Of course, the ants solved it. They even reworked new solutions to overcome blocked tunnels. In addition, the pioneer ants that solved the puzzles somehow explained the correct route to their relatives.”[6]

Ant colonies of necessity have incredible systems to function as they do with effectiveness and efficiency. All the food coming in and being stored and used up needs to be accounted for, measured constantly, and maintained. There are systems for heating and cooling the food, systems for disposal of wastes, systems for hygiene and disposal of dead ants, systems for caring for eggs and the newborn, systems for protection and survival in case of floods or invasions.

 

Here is a simplified diagram to illustrate the point above:

 

 

 

(See diagram above) “An ant colony has several entrances (A), leading to a variety of subterranean chambers. Each chamber has a specific use. Some are for food storage (B). The queen has her own room (D). In another chamber workers tend unhatched eggs (C). A deeper room serves as a nursery for larvae and cocoons (F). In the replete gallery (G) are the worker ants whose expanded abdomens contain surplus food for the colony. In another room (E), worker ants are digging a new chamber.”[7]

 

Scientists believe ants have a sophisticated guidance system like GPS and also that they are able to count and remember how many steps they have taken away from the nest so that they can return. They can also communicate through a number of different chemical signals to other ants.

 

“Distances traveled are measured using an internal pedometer that keeps count of the steps taken and also by evaluating the movement of objects in their visual field (optical flow). Directions are measured using the position of the sun. They integrate this information to find the shortest route back to their nest. Like all ants, they can also make use of visual landmarks when available as well as olfactory and tactile cues to navigate. Some species of ant are able to use the earth's magnetic field for navigation. The compound eyes of ants have specialized cells that detect polarized light from the sun, which is used to determine direction. These polarization detectors are sensitive in the ultraviolet region of the light spectrum.”[8]

 

Just think about how complicated the ant eye mechanism must be to accomplish what it does. Please read about, The Eye: http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/search?q=The+eye. But the ant uses other really complicated systems as well like smell and touch and muscles all integrated into their tiny brains.

 

Ants have been observed to be moving in pairs where one seems to be teaching the other one. I think one should conclude that they are passing on information which strongly indicates intelligence rather than accidental origins.

 

Evolution hypothesizes that the process of natural selection is at work. This normally involves a male and a female parent. Ant mating and reproduction can be very different from that. Here is a statement from Wikipedia:

 

“A wide range of reproductive strategies have been noted in ant species. Females of many species are known to be capable of reproducing asexually through thelytokous parthenogenesis and one species, Mycocepurus smithii, is known to be all-female.”[9]

 

Also another statement from Wikipedia showing more issues for evolutionists:

 

“The life of an ant starts from an egg. If the egg is fertilized, the progeny will be female (diploid); if not, it will be male (haploid). Ants develop by complete metamorphosis with the larva stages passing through a pupal stage before emerging as an adult. The larva is largely immobile and is fed and cared for by workers.”[10]

 

If males are “haploid” it means they only have 1 set of chromosomes, not two to offer for natural selection to work. Secondly, metamorphosis could never be a process that could have resulted from evolution. Thirdly, asexual reproduction also does not offer a chance for natural selection to function.

 

Each colony has several different types of ants within the same species, e.g. workers/drones, soldiers, queen, and males. Evolution cannot account for how they accidentally came to exist and then could continue to be produced by the observable ways they are. Typically the food they receive or chemicals around them determine what type of ant they become. Scientists don’t really know that much about this subject.

 

Some ants in a colony can fly, but others cannot.

How can that be explained adequately by accidents?

 

Various ant species build amazing things besides nests. Some make bridges and some can make rafts. Tell me no intelligence was involved in an elaborate construction, it was all by accident, and then let me smile condescendingly.

 

“Solenopsis invicta, a common species of fire ant, originates from the rain forests of Brazil, where heavy precipitation can cause flooding to occur up to twice daily. In order to stick together as a colony during these deluges, the fire ants hook their legs and mouths together to create a living, breathing waterproof material that floats for hours, or even weeks, if necessary, until floods subside.”[11]

 

In conclusion, there are thousands of different species of ants with incredibly complex systems of organization on a massive scale. It takes a lot of faith in chance and denial of intelligence to believe all this evolved by chance. Let me also remind you that there are over 20,000 known species of bees, 100,000 species of wasps, and 4,000 species of termites. All of these live in highly developed colonies as well.

There must be God.

________________________________________

References:

1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant

 

2. Gross, M. 2012. How ants find their way. Current Biology. 22 (16): R618.

 

3. Prabhakar, B., K. N. Dektar, and D. M. Gordon. 2012. The Regulation of Ant Colony Foraging Activity without Spatial Information. PLoS Computational Biology. 8 (8): e1002670.

 

4. News story: http://sydney.edu.au/news/sobs/1699.html?newsstoryid=6164 The result was exactly as predicted: the ants quickly established pheromone trails along the shortest path. But then we blocked the shortest paths, thus forcing the ants to find an alternative solution. As explained above, conventional wisdom dictates that the ants would not be able to adapt and would continue following their original trail that now leads nowhere.

 

Contrary to predictions, Argentine ants rapidly found the alternative shortest path, showing that they have the ability to adapt to sudden changes in their environment. But the speed with which they adapt depends on whether or not they had prior experience with the maze: colonies that had explored the maze hours before food was introduced, found the alternative solution quicker than colonies without such pre-exposure. This is a puzzling result, as the time between exploring the maze and the need to find an alternative solution when the original path is blocked, was at least 1 hour.

5. Reid, C. R., D. J. T. Sumpter and M. Beekman. 2011. Optimisation in a natural system: Argentine ants solve the Towers of Hanoi. Journal of Experimental Biology. 214 (1): 50-58.

6. Insect Arithmetic--Pure Genius! by Frank Sherwin, M.A., & Brian Thomas, M.S. http://www.icr.org/article/7536/

7. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/art-144467/An-ant-colony-has-several-entrances-leading-to-a-variety

8. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant 

9. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant 

10. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ant 

11. http://www.nbcnews.com/science/bizarre-fire-ants-lock-together-form-big-rafts-survive-floods-2D11660482

 
 

Amazing what the Ants can do but what about the lowly worm?

 

http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/2015/08/89-earthworms.html

It is estimated that there are between 250,000 and 1,750,000 worms per acre (i.e. between 62 to 432 per square meter). The mass of all the worms actually outweighs the animal life on the surface. [5]

 

This amazing creature makes it very hard to believe in evolution. Clearly they benefit insects, birds, amphibians, plants, and humans, but what good are they for their own benefit? What explains why natural selection or survival of the fittest would choose worms to prosper and not die out?

 

If a bird eats a worm, the bird survives, but not the worm. Clearly the bird is the fittest to survive. If the worm eats dirt and dead leaves and poops a nice nitrogen fertilizer for plants, that’s good for the plants, but what does the worm get out of it?

 

Wikipedia states "earthworm casts are five times richer in available nitrogen, seven times richer in available phosphates, and 11 times richer in available potassium than the surrounding upper 6 inches (150 mm) of soil. In conditions where humus is plentiful, the weight of casts produced may be greater than 4.5 kg (10 lb) per worm per year." [6] Wow!

 

Worms also use chemicals for digestion called drilodefensins.

 

“Without the drilodefensins, the fallen leaves would stay on the ground for a long period, building up and becoming a thick layer, which would make the countryside unrecognizable and disrupt the entire carbon cycling system, said researchers.” [7]

 

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different species of worms. Remember now that the definition of a species is that members of the species can successfully inter-breed. So if two worms are from a different species of worms, they cannot inter-breed. Unless there is breeding, there is no evolution. So each worm has to find another one of its own species before it can breed. It would seem pretty hard to find a mate if you are living and burrowing underground most of the time.

 

Worms have no eyes, another problem in finding themselves a mate. But they don’t need eyes if they are in a dark hole anyway. Luckily for worms, they are hermaphrodites. This means they have both male and female genitals. But they can’t fertilize themselves, so they must encounter another worm of the same species.

 

“Special ventral setae are used to anchor mating earthworms by their penetration into the bodies of their mates.” [8]

 

When two worms meet and copulate, both worms get "pregnant" and each produces an egg cocoon which will contain between one and 20 eggs. [9] The babies when they hatch look just like the parents but very tiny and will grow to full size in about 12 months.

 

Let’s think for a minute about the problem that evolution would have trying to explain hermaphrodites. What came just before the first worm? Was there an original worm with both genders within itself? Then we would have to explain how the male and female parts differentiated into separate organs in separate locations on the worm. Did it suddenly mutate both male and female parts in the same generation? That’s extremely unlikely. Remember that evolution is slow and gradual. But if the female part develops first without the male part, no fertilization or reproduction can take place.

 

Even if you suddenly had one worm that mutated with both male and female genitals, you’d still need a second one to fertilize it. Maybe we could imagine that two worms from the same cocoon both had the mutation. But they have to grow up for months before they can mate and then they have to find each other to do it. But instant genitals which are male and female couldn't be called evolution, slow and gradual.

 

Worms are all over the world. They are mostly all the same, so they had to have originated with one “Adam/Eve worm” whose descendants have spread all over the world. Where are all the precursors of this first ancestor worm if it really did evolve? (See my Proof for God #64 Missing Links) They must have all died out because there is no evidence of them. If any intermediary worm type beings before the first ancestor worm existed and they had descendants, then all those descendants died out without a trace.

 

If we theorize that in the beginning there were male worms and female worms, we need to inquire how they originated by mutation and evolved separately. Did the male worm evolve one day from an egg of some non-worm animal? That doesn’t work if there is no female nearby. He would die without reproducing. Male and female would have had to evolve simultaneously and within the same dirt pile, within a few feet from each other.

 

Hermaphrodite reproduction by worms is very, very interesting and complicated. Slow and gradual evolution is impossible to explain it. After mating, a worm makes a slime tube and fills it with fluid. It then crawls out of the slime tube depositing eggs and sperm into the tube as it passes by. The tube then becomes an egg cocoon. Baby worms emerge in two to four weeks.

 

“The earthworm will move forward out of the slime tube. As the earthworm passes through the slime tube, the tube will pass over the female pore picking up eggs. The tube will continue to move down the earthworm and pass over the male pore called the spermatheca which has the stored sperm called the spermatozoa. The eggs will fertilize and the slime tube will close off as the worm moves completely out of the tube. The slime tube will form an “egg cocoon” and be put into the soil.” [10]

 

Let’s turn to other thoughts about the “first worm”. Could it have evolved under the ground where they live now? That’s not likely. It must have developed from an above ground animal.

 

If the “first worm” mutated into existence above ground, what would lead it to start eating dirt? The whole system front to back has to be in place before it can eat dirt. The mouth has to be there along with the stomach, the circulatory system, even the excretory system.

 

Also, the earthworm has special adaptations so that it can live underground. It either slithers through soft dirt and dead leaves, pushing with a force ten times its body weight, or else it eats its way through hard ground. But how did it evolve the ability to move its various segments in order to slither. That takes major coordination so a brain and nerves are necessary. A worm also has tiny hairs sticking out of its sides that help hold one part in place while another part creeps forward. How does mutation explain the existence of tiny hairs all over a worm’s body?

 

“The earthworm is made of about 100-150 segments. The segmented body parts provide important structural functions. Segmentation can help the earthworm move. Each segment or section has muscles and bristles called setae. The bristles or setae help anchor and control the worm when moving through soil. The bristles hold a section of the worm firmly into the ground while the other part of the body protrudes forward. The earthworm uses segments to either contract or relax independently to cause the body to lengthen in one area or contract in other areas. Segmentation helps the worm to be flexible and strong in its movement.” [11]

 

Circumferential and longitudinal muscles on the periphery of each segment enable the worm to move. Similar sets of muscles line the gut, and their actions move the digesting food toward the worm's anus. [12]

 

It’s a fact that the excrement from worms is a fertilizer for plants. How could that be a random mutation that gets selected by survival of the fittest? The worm has a highly developed digestive system that creates usable nitrogen and other elements for the plants. It even uses tiny grains of sand to help grind up the dirt. That would take hundreds, if not thousands, of mutations of a worm’s DNA to produce.

 

“Food enters the mouth. The pharynx acts as a suction pump; its muscular walls draw in food. In the pharynx, the pharyngeal glands secrete mucus. Food moves into the esophagus, where calcium (from the blood and ingested from previous meals) is pumped in to maintain proper blood calcium levels in the blood and food pH. From there the food passes into the crop and gizzard. In the gizzard, strong muscular contractions grind the food with the help of mineral particles ingested along with the food. Once through the gizzard, food continues through the intestine for digestion. The intestine secretes pepsin to digest proteins, amylase to digest polysaccharides, cellulase to digest cellulose, and lipase to digest fats. Instead of being coiled like a mammalian intestine, an earthworm's intestine increases surface area to increase nutrient absorption by having many folds running along its length. The intestine has its own pair of muscle layers like the body, but in reverse order—an inner circular layer within an outer longitudinal layer.” [13]

 

Scientists believe that worms have a sense of touch and taste. That takes an amazing nervous system.

 

Worms have blood and a circulatory system. How could that evolve and what keeps the blood moving?

 

“The aortic arches function like a human heart. There are five pairs of aortic arches, which have the responsibility of pumping blood into the dorsal and ventral blood vessels. The dorsal blood vessels are responsible for carrying blood to the front of the earthworm’s body. The ventral blood vessels are responsible for carrying blood to the back of the earthworm’s body.” [14]

 

Earthworms are very unique creatures. They are amazingly adapted to do what they do, burrowing through dirt and leaving fertilizer, air and water passages for plant growth behind them. They have a brain, digestive and excretory system, nervous system, movement ability, reproductive system, touch and light sensitivity. All this is proof of design and purpose.

 

There must be God.

References:

[1] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[2] University of Pennsylvania, “Earthworms”, http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

[3] University of Michigan, BioKids, "Oligochaeta", http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Oligochaeta/

[4] University of Michigan, BioKids, "Oligochaeta", http://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Oligochaeta/

[5] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[6] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[7] Anicettion, David, "Secret of Earthworms Eating Leaves Discovered", TimesGazette, Aug. 5, 2015, http://www.thetimesgazette.com/secret-of-earthwormss-eating-leaves-discovered/5986/

[8] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[9] Biology Junction, "We Love Worms", http://www.biologyjunction.com/earthworm%20facts.htm#hatch

[10] University of Pennsylvania, “Earthworms”, http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

[11] University of Pennsylvania, “Earthworms”, http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

[12] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[13] Wikipedia, “Earthworm”, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthworm

[14] University of Pennsylvania, “Earthworms”, http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~rlenet/Earthworms.html

And then we go from Worms to Whales:

 

 

http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/2015/10/94-whales.html

So if you are a faithful believer in evolution, you somehow have to find a way to believe that whales started out on land and not water. You already believe life started out in the ocean and then evolved by emerging onto the land and evolving into mammals.

 

Somehow those highly evolved mammals ended up going back into the ocean and becoming the largest animals on earth.

 

Darwin thought it was the bear that evolved into a whale because he saw them swim a lot. Over the years, evolutionists have come up with other mammals that are the ancestor of whales. Their religious faith in evolution requires that some animal evolved into a whale. Even though there is no known ancestor in the fossil record of the whale, evolutionists claim there are lots of relatives along the family tree, and that’s enough proof for them.

 

There are gaps where a species supposedly evolves into another species. Why is there not one single fossil in the direct ancestral line to the whale? [3]

 

The current animal getting the most credit for becoming a whale is called Pakicetus and was a wolf-like animal of about that same size, 5 or 6 feet long. Their proof seems to be all wrapped up in the similarity between the teeth and ear bones of the two species.

The Smithsonian Institute has an article titled “How Did Whales Evolve?” which I thought might provide some good answers. [4] It’s a very long article and makes some sweeping claims about evolution. But, if you pay attention, you’ll see they have to admit that they still don’t have any ancestors of whales. The article takes a long time going into the history of fossil discoveries but never answers “How Did Whales Evolve?” which you would have expected from the title. At one point they tell the truth and then lie about what it means. "Though not a series of direct ancestors and descendants, each genus represents a particular stage of whale evolution. Together they illustrate how the entire transition took place." [5]

 

Sure, we know, “It might have happened.” That’s not science.

 

They even admit later that analysis of genes and amino acids refutes this ancestry line and indicates whales are related to hippos. The title and the article are pure propaganda.

 

Here is another example of an article that is even worse, "How Whales' Ancestors Left Land Behind" from LiveScience.com. This is their explanation for “How Whale’s Ancestors Left Land Behind.” What a joke!

 

"The 'first whale,' a creature whose lifestyle (living on land but eating fish from the nearby sea) represented the early stage of this transition into the water, was a wolf-size fish eater...Whereas this creature had a body clearly adapted for land, its relatives began acquiring features better suited to life in the water, such as webbed feet and a more streamlined, hairless shape." [6]

 

In their religious zeal for evolution, lots of imagination is allowed. Here is an example of the actual bones discover for the Pakicetus. In Part 1 of this picture you can see that fragments of a skull bone were discovered. Only the grayed areas of the skull and several teeth were actually discovered. In Part 2 is the somehow fully developed artist’s drawing of Pakicetus. You can see that he really looks like the ancestor of the whale as he plays in the water eating fish. But, the story is not over. As you can see in Part 3, more bones were discovered. The real bones forced the artists to come up with a totally new drawing, shown in Part 4.

 

The moral of this story is that you should always ask to see the actual bones that have been found and not the artist drawing. (See also Proof for God #64, Missing Links, the sections on hoaxes and “Lucy”.) [7]

 

So what do we really have?

 

Pakicetus (wolf-like) -> Missing Link -> Missing Link -> Missing Link -> Missing Link -> Missing Link -> Missing Link -> Whale. Just stop for a minute and think about the monumental indoctrination that has to be perpetrated for you to believe something like that. Where’s the proof? There is no fossil record that is even claimed to be a direct ancestor at any stage. There are just artist’s drawings.

 

Another animal often named as a side lineage of the ancestral lines of whales is called Ambulocetus. This is another case of evolutionist’s great imagination. Compare the actual fossil bones that were found to the artist’s drawing. Note that no pelvis bones were discovered so they could not be sure if it walked or swam.

 

In a lot of the drawings on whale evolution you will also see a Basilosaurus. But they often leave out the fact that it was 10 times bigger than Ambulocetus and “the serpentine form of the body and the peculiar shape of the cheek teeth make it plain that Basilosaurus could not possibly have been the ancestor of modern whales.” [8]

 

Here is another totally unscientific quote from American Museum of Natural History under the title of “Whale Evolution.” It is followed by a drawing like above.

 

"One group of hoofed mammals spent more and more time in the water, living on the abundant food there. Eventually they left land altogether—evolving into the fully aquatic whales. Take a look at a few of these early extinct whales below." [9]

 

As anyone can easily see, for a wolf-like animal to evolve into a whale, there have to be some tremendous, even unbelievable, changes. Let’s ask one of the obvious questions. Why? Evolutionists will say that Natural Selection chooses the fittest to survive. So a wolf, being a carnivore, is trying to catch fish. He would be better adapted if he had web feet, so he grew them. Then he would be better adapted if his tail grew and became useful for swimming and he developed bigger lungs to stay underwater longer.

 

Which wolf is more likely to survive in your opinion, a wolf that is trying to catch fish or a wolf that tries to catch a rabbit? Even a wolf that is half way to evolving webfeet is worse off at catching rabbits and only very slightly better at catching fish. Since evolution takes many generations, which wolf is going to survive?

 

No wolf if he gets really hungry trying to catch fish is going to evolve web feet. He is going to go catch a rabbit.

 

The same argument applies continuously. A wolf is so absolutely unfit for swimming and living in water that any wolf that tried it would die long before it could reproduce. The fittest to survive are clearly the other wolves out catching rabbits.

 

Now let me just share a few of the amazing characteristics of a whale:

If you are an evolutionist, you would have to come up with some explanation for how each one of these features could evolve slowly and gradually through many generations. Nearly all of the intermediate stages in a slow process are poorly adapted for survival.

 

The Tail. For whales, this is their primary source of power for swimming. There are “flukes” on the end that go out sideways which add more driving force and maneuverability. A mammal tail swings mostly side to side, not up and down, and has very little of the strength needed for propulsion.

 

Skin. Mammals have hair and sweat glands. Whales do not. Whale skin has lots of extra fat or blubber.

 

Blubber. Whales have huge amounts of fat deposits called blubber, up to 11 inches thick. This serves as insulation in cold water and also protection for the very deep dives that they do.

 

Lungs. Whales have a huge lung capacity that allows them to stay underwater for long periods of time. They also can slow down their metabolism to increase their dive time. "...a humpback whale's lungs can hold about 5,000 liters of air." [10] By comparison, human lungs hold about 6 liters of air.

 

 

"Whales are adapted for diving to great depths. In addition to their streamlined bodies, they can slow their heart rate to conserve oxygen; blood is rerouted from tissue tolerant of water pressure to the heart and brain among other organs; haemoglobin and myoglobin store oxygen in body tissue; and they have twice the concentration of myoglobin than haemoglobin." [11]

 

Eyes. Whale eyes are specially adapted to be able to see in water which has a far higher refractive index than air. Their eyes also have to be able to withstand the tremendous pressure down deep in the ocean.

 

Sonar and Hearing. Many types of whales have sonar. This means they can make a sound which goes through the water and bounces back when it hits an object. They have the ability to receive the sound, send signals to their brains, and interpret what it means. It is similar to what bats can do, however they have to do it in water using the fatty lipids in their heads. This is very different from doing it in air. (See my Proof for God #42, Bats and Echolocation. [12])

 

"...they have teeth and only one blowhole. They rely on their well-developed sonar to find their way in the water. Toothed whales send out ultrasonic clicks using the melon. Sound waves travel through the water. Upon striking an object in the water, the sound waves bounce back at the whale. These vibrations are received through fatty tissues in the jaw, which is then rerouted into the ear-bone and into the brain where the vibrations are interpreted." [13]

 

Does there exist a good explanation about how this echolocation ability could arise slowly over many generations? All the parts have to be there from the beginning or the system doesn’t work.

 

"Instead of sound passing through the outer ear to the middle ear, whales receive sound through the throat, from which it passes through a low-impedance fat-filled cavity to the inner ear. The whale ear is acoustically isolated from the skull by air-filled sinus pockets, which allow for greater directional hearing underwater." [14]

 

So here is another dramatic change from a land animal. Whales have a very different process of hearing.

 

Blowholes. All known terrestrial mammals have nostrils on the front of their faces. Whales have either one or two blowholes in the top of their heads. Think about all the changes that would be required for your nostrils to migrate to the top of your head. It’s not just the hole in your skull that has to move, but all of the muscles, sensory nerves, air passages, nerve channels that connect to the brain, and probably a lot more. All have to change and change drastically. Not only that, your lungs have to change tremendously as well because you would need a gigantic lung capacity to stay underwater for a long time. Changing the size of your lungs requires changes in your ribs and spine and probably your heart and other internal organs.

 

Flippers. Clearly whales have fins on the sides instead of legs and feet going downward like mammals. How do legs turn into fins? The skin is different. The muscles are different and used differently. This requires rewiring to the brain as well.

 

Special Rib Cage. What about the bones? Changing from a wolf-like animal would require almost a complete makeover of the skeleton. The pelvis in land mammals cannot be found in whales. How does a transitional species with half a pelvis manage to either walk or swim well?

 

"These animals rely on their well-developed flippers and tail fin to propel themselves through the water; they swim by moving their fore-flippers and tail fin up and down. Whale ribs loosely articulate with their thoracic vertebrae at the proximal end, but do not form a rigid rib cage. This adaptation allows their chest to compress during deep dives as the pressure increases with depth." [15]

 

"Balaenids are the right whales. These animals have very large heads, which can make up as much as 40% of their body mass, and much of the head is the mouth. This allows them to take in large amounts of water into their mouths, letting them feed more effectively." [16]

 

Reproduction. Whales somehow have to do it all in the water. Like other mammals, males have a penis and females have a vagina. If they really evolved from wolves, then both the male and female would have to evolve their respective sexual parts at the same time and in the same vicinity in the ocean to each other so they could mate. There are videos on YouTube of whale sex. Somehow I have trouble imagining that could come about accidentally. And that’s not all the problems they need to solve in order to reproduce.

 

Here is a fun fact. The penis on the Blue Whale is about 8 to 10 feet long and weighs in at over 400 pounds.

 

"Since they are unable to go onto land to calve, they deliver the baby with the fetus positioned for tail-first delivery. This prevents the baby from drowning either upon or during delivery. (It will need air. JLS.) To feed the new-born, (mother) whales, being aquatic, must squirt the milk into the mouth of the calf. Being mammals, they, of course, have mammary glands used for nursing calves; they are weaned off at about 11 months of age. This milk contains high amounts of fat which is meant to hasten the development of blubber; it contains so much fat that it has the consistency of toothpaste." [17]

 

Baleen Whales. One of the types of whales has huge bristle-like walls in their mouth that act like sieves. Look at pictures of these whales and the structures in their mouth. Think about all the changes in their head size and shape, body, nervous system, eating habits, and much more that would have had to evolve separately over many generations. If their land-mammal ancestors were successful, why make all the minor changes that would be less advantageous to develop this.

 

"Baleen whales were named for the long plates of baleen which hang in a row (like the teeth of a comb) from their upper jaws. Baleen plates are strong and flexible; they are made of a protein similar to human fingernails. Baleen plates are broad at the base (gum line) and taper into a fringe which forms a curtain or mat inside the whale's mouth. Baleen whales strain huge volumes of ocean water through their baleen plates to capture food: tons of krill, other zooplankton, crustaceans, and small fish." [18]

 

Sleeping. Here is something you probably don’t know about whales. Try to imagine how this could have possibly evolved.

 

"Unlike most animals, whales are conscious breathers. All mammals sleep, but whales cannot afford to become unconscious for long because they may drown. While knowledge of sleep in wild cetaceans is limited, toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to sleep with one side of their brain at a time, so that they may swim, breathe consciously, and avoid both predators and social contact during their period of rest." [19]

 

By the Theory of Evolution, every one of these adaptations would have had to evolve over many generations. So try to imagine having 5% of a tail, 10%, 20%, etc. Or how about evolving so half your brain can go to sleep while the other half stays awake. Think over all of the other amazing features listed above one by one. How can any one of these if only partially completed be selected for by Natural Selection? You’d have ridiculous looking deformed beasts that would die out in one generation because they are so poorly suited for the environment they are supposed to live in. Whales are an all or nothing proposition.

 

There has to be God

[1] World Wide Life, “Whales”, http://www.worldwildlife.org/species/whale

[2] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[3] Biowebpagevdl Wiki, "Whales Evolution", http://biowebpagevdl.wikia.com/wiki/Whales_evolution

[4] Switek, Brian, Smithsonian.com, "How Did Whales Evolve?", December 1, 2010, http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-did-whales-evolve-73276956/?no-ist

[5] Switek, Brian, Smithsonian.com, "How Did Whales Evolve?", December 1, 2010, http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/how-did-whales-evolve-73276956/?no-ist

[p6] Parry, Wynne, LiveScience.com, "How Whales' Ancestors Left Land Behind", http://www.livescience.com/28075-how-whales-ancestors-left-land.html

[7] Stephens, Jim, “Proof for God #64, Missing Links”, http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/2014/07/64-missing-links.html

[8] Sarfati, Jonathan, "Refuting Evolution—Chapter 5", http://creation.com/refuting-evolution-chapter-5-whale-evolution

[9] American Museum of Natural History, "Whale Evolution", http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/whales-giants-of-the-deep/whale-evolution

[10] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[11] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[12] Stephens, Jim, “Proof for God #42, Bats and Echolocation”, http://101proofsforgod.blogspot.com/2013/08/42-bats-and-echolocation.html

[13] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[14] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[15] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[16] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[17] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.ttwikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

[18] National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Marine Mammal Laboratory, "How were baleen whales named?", http://www.afsc.noaa.gov/nmml/education/cetaceans/baleen1.php

[19] Wikipedia, "Whale", https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whale

 

This is scratching the surface on Biology and there is a lot more and I would like to break this down into papers and have a lot of different information in here. As always if there are some out there that can help step forward if not it will be done as time will allow.

ABOUT US

To submit other kinds of info send to: contact@debunkingatheism.com

ADDRESS

Someplace Beautiful:

The United States of America

ABOUT 

Doing everything we can to give people the tools they need to debate atheism and further their knowledge of the Universe.

SUBSCRIBE FOR EMAILS

follow US

© 2023 by HARMONY. Proudly created with Wix.com